Protection and Management Plan for the Millbrook Marsh Nature Center

36

Wetlands and Vegetation

Scientific Name

Common Name

Pursell
1954

Penn-DOT
1980

WPC
1995

CWC
1995

PSU
CWC
1994-97

Acer negundo (W)

Box elder

     

*

*

Acer rubrum (W)

Red maple

       

*

Agrostis alba

Redtop

       

*

Alliaria officinalis

Garlic mustard

       

*

Allium sp.

Garlic/Leek

       

*

Alnus rugosa (W)

Speckled alder

       

*

Angelica atropurpurea

Angelica

 

*

     

Apocynum cannabinum

Claspingleaf dogbane

     

*

*

Arctium munus

Common burdock

       

*

Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed

       

*

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp milkweed

   

*

 

*

Aster spp.

Aster

       

*

Barbarea vulgaris

Yellow cress

       

*

Blephilia hirsuta

Hairy wood mint

       

*

Brassica rapa

Field mustard

 

*

     

Brassica spp.

Mustard

       

*

Bromus sp.

Brome

       

*

Calamagrostis Canadensis

Canada bluejoint

   

*

   

Caltha palustris

Marsh marigold

 

*

     

Cardamine bulbosa

Small flower bitter cress

   

*

   

Cardamine parviflora

Small flower bitter cress

       

*

Carduus nutans

Nodding thistle

     

*

 

Carex spp.

Sedges

 

*

 

*

*

Carex sp. (E)

Sedge

   

*

   

Carex comosa

Sedge

   

*

   

Cares conoidea

Sedge

   

*

   

Carex interior

Sedge

*

*

     

Carex lacustris

Lake sedge

*

 

*

   

Carex sp. (R)

Sedge

   

*

   

Carex leporina

Hare’s foot sedge

       

*

Carex leptalea

Sedge

   

*

   

Carex lurida

Shallow sedge

       

*

Carex sp. (T)

Sedge

*

*

*

   

Carex schweinitzii (T)

Schwienitz’ sedge

*

*

     

Carex scoparia

Pointed broom sedge

       

*

Carex stricta

Tussock sedge

   

*

   

Carex tetanica (T)

Sedge

 

*

     

Carex vulpinoidea

Fox tail sedge

       

*

Chelone glabra

Turtlehead

     

*

 

Cicuta bulbifera

Water hemlock

*

*

     

Table 9 continued. Millbrook Marsh Vegetation.

Scientific Name

Common Name

Pursell
1954

Penn-DOT
1980

WPC
1995

CWC
1995

PSU
CWC
1994-7

Cicuta maculata

Spotted water hemlock

       

*

Cirsium sp.

Thistle

       

*

Cirsium arvense

Canada thistle

 

*

   

*

Cornus amomum (W)

Silky dogwood

     

*

*

Cornus racemosa (W)

Grey dogwood

   

*

 

*

Cornus stolonifera (W)

Red-osier dogwood

   

*

*

*

Coronilla varia

Crown vetch

       

*

Crataegus spp. (W)

Hawthorn

     

*

*

Daucus carota

Queen Anne’s lace

       

*

Dipsacus sylvestris

Teasel

 

*

 

*

*

Eleagnus umbellata (W)

Autumn olive

       

*

Eleocharis sp. (E)

Spike rush

       

*

Eleocharis spp.

Spike rushes

 

*

*

   

Equisetum fluviatile

Water horsetail

*

*

*

   

Equisetum hyemale

Scouring rush

 

*

     

Erigeron sp.

Fleabane/Plantain

       

*

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common boneset

       

*

Eupatorium spp.

Joe Pye weed

       

*

Euthamia graminifolia

Flat top fragrant golden rod

       

*

Festuca pratense

Meadow fescue

       

*

Fragaria virginiana

Virginia strawberry

       

*

Galium sp.

Bedstraw

       

*

Galium trifidum

Cleavers, Small bedstraw

*

*

     

Geranium carolinianum

Carolina cranesbill

       

*

Geum laciniatum

Rough avens

       

*

Glecoma hederacea

Ground ivy

       

*

Glyceria striata

Fowl mannagrass

   

*

   

Heracleum lanatum

Cow parsnip

       

*

Hesperis matronalis

Dame’s rocket

       

*

Hieracium caespitosum

King devil/Hawkweed

       

*

Impatiens capensis

Spotted jewelweed

 

*

*

 

*

Ipomea sp.

Morning glory

       

*

Iris pseudacorus

Yellow iris

     

*

 

Iris versicolor

Blue flag iris

 

*

   

*

Juglans nigra (W)

Black walnut

       

*

Juncus balticus var. littoralis or j. arcticus

Baltic rushor Wire rush

*

*

     

Juncus canadensis

Canada rush

       

*

Juncus effusus

Common soft rush

 

*

     

Juncus spp.

Rush

       

*

Juncus tenuis

Slender rush

       

*

Table 9 continued. Millbrook Marsh Vegetation.

Scientific Name

Common Name

Pursell
1954

Penn-DOT
1980

WPC
1995

CWC
1995

PSU
CWC
1994-7

Lathyrus palustris v. myrtifolius

Wild pea

*

*

*

   

Lemna sp.

Duckweed

 

*

     

Lepidium campestre

Peppergrass

       

*

Ligustrum vulgare (W)

Common privet

     

*

*

Lonicera tatarica (W)

Tartarian honeysuckle

       

*

Lycopus americanus

American bugleweed

       

*

Lysimachia nummularia

Creeping Jennie or Moneywort

 

*

   

*

Mentha arvense

Field mint

     

*

*

Mentha piperita

Peppermint

 

*

     

Mentha spicata

Spearmint

 

*

     
 

Moss, numerous sp.

 

*

     

Myosotis laxa

Bay forget me not

       

*

Nasturtium pensylvanica

Watercress

   

*

   

Nasturtium officinale

True watercress

 

*

     

Oenothera biennis

Common evening primrose

     

*

 

Oxalis sp.

Wood sorrel

       

*

Parthenosissus quinquefolia (W)

Virginia creeper

       

*

Phalaris arundinacea

Reed canary grass

       

*

Phleum pratense

Timothy grass

       

*

Pilea pumila

Canada clearweed

       

*

Plantago major

Common plantain

       

*

Plantago rugellii

Pale plantain

       

*

Poa sp.

Bluegrass

       

*

Poa pratensis

Bluegrass

   

*

   

Polygonum hydropiperoides

Mild water pepper

       

*

Polygonum lapathifolium

Willow-weed

       

*

Potamogeton spp.

Pondweeds

 

*

     

Proserpinaca sp.

Mermaidweed

 

*

     

Prunella vulgaris

Heal-all

       

*

Pycanthemum virginianum

Mountain mint

   

*

   

Quercus macrocarpa (W)

Bur oak

     

*

*

Ranunculus spp.

Buttercups/Spearworts

 

*

   

*

Ranunculus repens

Creeping buttercup

       

*

Rhamnus cathartica (W)

Common buckthorn

     

*

*

Rhus typhina (W)

Staghorn sumac

     

*

*

Ribes americanum (W)

Wild black currant

     

*

*

Ribes hirtellum (W)

Northern wild gooseberry

   

*

   

Table 9 continued. Millbrook Marsh Vegetation.

Scientific Name

Common Name

Pursell
1954

Penn-DOT
1980

WPC
1995

CWC
1995

PSU
CWC
1994-7

Rorippa amphibia x sylvestris

Creeping yellow cress

       

*

Rorippa nasturtium aquatica

True water cress

       

*

Rosa multiflora (W)

Multiflora rose

     

*

*

Rubus sp. (W)

Dewberry/Blackberry

       

*

Rumex crispus

Curly dock

       

*

Rumex obtusifolius

Bitter dock

       

*

Sagittaria latifolia

Broad leaf arrowhead

       

*

Salix discolor (W)

Pussy willow

   

*

   

Salix nigra (W)

Black willow

     

*

*

Sambucus canadensis (W)

American elderberry

       

*

Scirpus atrovirens

Green bulrush

       

*

Scirpus validus

Softstem bulrush

 

*

     

Scrophularia sp.

Figwort

     

*

 

Senecia aureus

Golden ragwort

       

*

Smilacina stellata

Starry false Solomon’s seal

 

*

     

Solanum dulcamara (W)

Climbing nightshade

 

*

   

*

Solidago sp.

Goldenrod

       

*

Solidago canadensis

Canada golden rod

       

*

Solidago rugosa

Wrinkled goldenrod

       

*

Sparganium sp.

Burreed

 

*

     

Sphenopholis obtusa

Slender wedge-grass or wedge-grass

   

*

   

Symplocarpus foetides

Skunk cabbage

 

*

*

*

*

Taraxacum officinalis

Common dandelion

       

*

Thalictrum polygamum

Tall meadow rue

 

*

     

Trifolium hybridum

Alsike clover

       

*

Trifolium repens

White clover

       

*

Typha angustifolia

Broad-leaved cattail

     

*

*

Typha latifolia

Common cattail

 

*

*

*

*

Ulmus americana (W)

American elm

   

*

   

Ulmus rubra (W)

Slippery elm

       

*

Urtica dioca

Stinging nettle

 

*

   

*

Verbena hastata

Blue vervain

 

*

*

*

*

Viola sp.

Viola

 

*

   

*

Vitis aestivalis (W)

Summer grape

       

*

Vitis riparia (W)

River bank grape

       

*

Xanthium chinense

Clotbur

 

*

     

Zannichellia palustris (status undetermined)

Horned pondweed

   

*

   

Species Richness = 155

 

9

40

29

24

104

On to Wetland Macroinvertebrates and Reference Wetland Summaries