A Natural History of Millbrook Marsh,
A Wetland In An Urbanizing Setting


I would like to acknowledge the support and cooperation of the Penn State Cooperative Wetlands Center, which is jointly supported by the Environmental Resources Research Institute and the School of Forest Resources. In addition, the cooperation and assistance given by the Pennsylvania State University Land Analysis Laboratory was invaluable. I would also like to acknowledge the cooperation and materials made available by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, the Centre Regional Planning Agency, and the Penn State Office of Physical Plant.

I especially thank my advisor, Rob Brooks for his support and guidance throughout this project and for welcoming me to the Cooperative Wetlands Center. Though he is one of the busiest people I have met, he always, somehow, finds more time and energy to give. I never lacked advice and encouragement from him. Thanks also to Ken Tamminga and C. Andrew Cole, my committee members, for advice during the writing stages. It has been a wonderful experience working with Rob Brooks and Ken Tamminga on the Millbrook Marsh projects. Thanks also go to the Millbrook Marsh Advisory Committee for their welcome and for their enthusiasm for the Millbrook Marsh Nature Center. Many thanks to Rick Day and especially Cindy Hendricks at the Land Analysis Laboratory for her time and assistance in Arcview and Arcedit. Thanks go to Tim O’Connell for sharing his wealth of information on birds.

Special thanks go to my mother, who has taught me to work for what I want, and to my father, who taught me that learning is a joy that never ends. Thank you, Glenn, for physics. Thank you to Marianne and Lori. I am most thankful to Joe Pierce, who supported me in many ways through the whole of this project and before, and without whom it couldn’t have been done.

To Introduction